Collection Data

Page Contents: Section | Significance | Background | Location & Dates | Taxonomic Contents | Documentation | Description of Collection | Collection Inventory | Collection Assets | Specimen Condition | Container Condition | Label Condition | Label Content | Level of Taxonomic Identification

United States Navy Antarctic Expedition 1947-1948

Section Responsible for Processing (Top)


Significance (Top)

A collection of specimens cited in several important papers on the Antarctic polychaete fauna by Dr. Olga Hartman.

Hartman, O. 1952. The marine annelids of the United States Navy Antarctic Expedition, 1947-48. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science 42: 231-237, 1 pl.

Hartman, O. 1953. Non-pelagic Polychaeta. Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903. Further Zoological Results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition. 4(11): 1-83, 21 figs., 1 chart.

Hartman, O. 1964. Polychaeta Errantia of Antarctica. American Geophysical Union (Pub. No. 1226). Antarctic Research Series 3: 1-131, 39 pls., map.

Hartman, O. 1966. Polychaeta Myzostomidae and Sedentaria of Antarctica. American Geophysical Union (Pub. No. 14114). Antarctic Research Series 7: 1-158, 46 pls., 5 charts.

Hartman, O. 1967. Larval development of benthic invertebrates in Antarctic seas: Early development of Nothria notialis (Monro) and Paronuphis antarctica (Monro) in Bransfield Strait, Antarctic Peninsula. JARE Scientific Reports, Special Issue No. 1. Symposium on Pacific-Antarctic Sciences, Proceedings of the Polar Research Department, Tokyo. Pp. 192-204.

Background (Top)

Two ice breakers, the USS Burton Island (AG-88) and USS Edisto (AG-89) were deployed to Antarctica for the U.S. Navy's Second Antarctica Development Project, also known as the Operation Windmill Hydrographic Survey and Oceanographic Research Expedition. Biological samples were taken for the Smithsonian. The polychaetes were sent to Dr. Hartman at the Allan Hancock Foundation, University of Southern California, for identification. Some of the worms were returned to the Smithsonian but a subset was retained for the AHF Polychaete Collection which now belongs to NHMLAC.

Collection Location and Dates (Top)

Collecting was done primarily from the USS Edisto in 3 main areas: Wilkes Land, 25 Dec. 1947 to 20 Jan. 1948, Ross Sea area, 26 Jan. 1948 to 6 Feb. 1948, and Peter I Island and Marguerite Bay, 15-23 Feb. 1948. At least 243 samples were taken although not all of them had polychaetes.

Taxonomic Contents (Top)


Documentation (Top)

Station list compiled by L. Harris from various reports and the Smithsonian's on-line Invertebrate Zoology specimen catalogue (

Description of Collection (Top)

Wet preserved collection. The specimens were probably fixed in 10% formalin-seawater then transferred to 70% ethanol as that was a common practice in the 1940s.

Collection Inventory (Top)

None at this time (13 June 2012); the individual specimens are dispersed throughout the collection according to family, genus, and/or species.

Collection Assets (Top)

Date Click to View Image Information
10/22/2014 View [1450.5 kB] Summary of "Second (1948) U.S. Navy Antarctic Development Project by Commander David C. Nutt, USNR.
10/22/2014 View [48.5 kB] Raw Station data.

Specimen Condition (Top)

Date 4: New alcohol needed immediately (specimens will otherwise be irreparably damaged) 3: Containers need to be 'topped off' 2: New alcohol needed within next 6-12 months 1: No curation needed at present
06/13/2012 0% 0% 0% 100%

Container Condition (Top)

Date 4: Immediate short-term (less than 5 years) storage container replacement needed. Present containers are inadequate. Curate in the short-term with plastic buckets, whirltop bags, or similar. 3: Specimens contained in museum-grade long-term (greater than 5 years) storage containers. Jars need new closures (e.g. replace Bakelite and metal lids). 2: Transfer to museum-grade long-term storage containers. Replace or transfer to new jars and glass vials, replace cotton and closures. 1: Containers are museum-grade and meet highest curation standards.
06/13/2012 0% 0% 0% 100%

Label Condition (Top)

Date 4: New labels needed immediately (original labels in poor condition, paper torn/worn, legibility poor). 3: New labels needed within next 1-2 years (original labels beginning to wear, pencil writing fading, low quality paper was used). 2: New labels needed are as a result of curation and accretion of collection. 1: No new labels needed at present.
06/13/2012 0% 0% 100% 0%

Label Content (Top)

Date 2: New label or additional label needed because original label data is incomplete and supporting documentation provides additional collection data which greately enhances significance and value of each lot. 1: Label content complete. All collection data are contained on label.
06/13/2012 100% 0%

Level of Taxonomic Identification (Top)

Date 7: Not identified 6: Phylum 5: Class 4: Order 3: Family 2: Genus 1: Species
06/13/2012 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Taken to lowest possible taxonomic level by Olga Hartman. Some specimens have been reidentified by specialists.